As I mentioned in my "Hyoidkus" post, I've taken the opportunity afforded by teaching Human Osteology at a new institution to overhaul old labs and create spiffy new ones that attempt to engage students' abilities to think both rationally and creatively. Here are some of the creative activities from the last three labs, with the best among student responses to each...
La Macarena: Abduct the right arm anteriorly followed by the left so that on each hand the fingers are extended, the palm is inferiorly facing, and the thumb is medial. Then supinate the right forearm followed by the left so that each palm is superiorly facing and the thumbs are lateral. Next, flex the right arm so that the supinated right palm makes contact with the left shoulder and the right distal arm crosses the anterior thorax transversely. Then, flex the left arm so that the supinated left palm makes contact with the right shoulder and the left distal arm crosses the anterior thorax transversely.
Abduct the flexed right arm superolaterally while pronating the right hand so that the right palm makes contact with the occipital of the cranium. Then abduct the flexed left arm superolaterally while pronating the left hand so that the left palm makes contact with the occipital of the cranium. Next, adduct and extend the right arm anteriorly so that the right arm crosses the body ventrally and the pronated right palm makes contact with the left anterior hip. Follow by adducting and extending the left arm anteriorly so that the left arm crosses the body ventrally and the pronated left palm makes contact with the right anterior hip. Then, flex and abduct the right arm posterolaterally while supinating the right hand so that the palm makes contact with the right posterior hip. Finally, flex and abduct the left arm while supinating the left hand so that the palm makes contact with the left posterior hip. (Author: Lynn S.)
Being as specific as possible, write a paragraph using anatomical terminology to describe the lower-body movements in either the Electric Slide (video here) or Twerking (video here).
Twerking: Stand with your feet spread slightly larger than shoulder-width apart, with your metatarsals pointed at an angle away from each other. Squat down far enough that your patella is further than your toes are in an outward direction. Alternate thrusting (yes, I said thrusting) your pelvic girdle anteriorly as well as pushing it posteriorly. Your ischium should be pointing at an angle superiorly when you push it posteriorly (as in towards the sky). Alternate what levels of height you choose to thrust your pelvic girdle at. You may also lean dominantly on one femur/patella/tibia/fibula/tarsals/phalanges (lower appendage) from time to time, allowing a different range of motion. Altogether this dance will create strong gluteus maximus as well as strong thigh and calf muscles. For best results, do this fast. If you want to include upper appendages, do this dance while in a hand stand against a door or wall. (Author: Alicia B.)Write a limerick about the pelvis.
There once was a dead man named WilliamWrite an acrostic about the femur.
whose dog was eating his ilium.
The dog, named Anubis,
then moved to the pubis,
before starting on the ischium. (Author: Cade K.)
F emurs are as hard as brick,I don't, unfortunately, have any pictures of the play-doh bones they made -- one assignment was to make a scapula, and the other was to make a subadult femur, with the primary and secondary ossification centers (diaphysis and epiphyses) in two different colors. Most of them did very well with the femora; the scapulae were super tricky.
E veryone has two, no matter who you pick.
M uscles attached to it include the pectineus and the gemellus superior.
U nder the pelvis it lies; to the os coxae it is inferior.
R ealize now that this acrostic is also a limerick. (Author: Ryan R.)
These are much more interesting to read and grade than plain lab reports. I hope that these sorts of exercises get the students thinking about the skeleton in a slightly different way.